Laser treatment of hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation (melasma) is the accumulation of melanin pigment in different layers of the skin due to any disease or reason. Patients are prescribed treatment according to the depth of melasma.
Melasma treatment methods
To properly treat melasma, it is necessary to determine the cause of hyperpigmentation. Therefore, along with the dermatologist, endocrinologist, gastroenterologist, allergist, etc. qualified doctors should also be involved.
It should be noted that melasma is very resistant to various treatment methods. The main treatment methods were: drug treatment, chemical peels and laser treatment.
Laser therapy is used as the main treatment for melasma. IPL devices are used as the simplest method. Because this device is superficial, it can only give results in epidermal melasma.
Other devices were 755 nm Alexandrite and 810 nm Diode lasers. These lasers are also mainly used in the treatment of epidermal spots.
The ND oil Q-switched laser operating in the nanosecond and picosecond mode at 1064 nm wavelength has been most successfully used in the treatment of dermal and mixed melasma.
KTP laser can also be used in the treatment of superficial epidermal spots and nevi.
In the treatment of some epidermal spots, nevi and melasma, CO2 and ER:Yag lasers, which are ablative lasers, can also be used. The choice of laser is up to the doctor.
All these treatment methods have a permanent effect only if the disease that causes the formation of melasma is detected and fully treated.